Degenerative Disc Disease

- in the lumbar spine, or lower back, refers to a syndrome in which a compromised disc causes low back pain

Spinal Stenosis

- with stenosis, facet joints in the spine can enlarge and place pressure on the spinal nerve roots or spinal cord, causing back pain, leg pain, arm pain and other symptoms during certain activities.


- is a condition in which a defect in a part of the spine causes vertebra to slip to one side of the body.

Pars Defect

- A pars defect is believed to be a stress fracture. A stress fracture happens from repeated strain on a bone. At first the body is able to heal the damage. If the repeated strains happen faster than the body can respond, the bone eventually fractures. People are not born with spondylolysis. It commonly first appears in childhood. Football linemen and gymnasts are affected the most.

Lumbar Disc Herniation

- occurs when the disc degenerates and the inner core leaks out.


- Sciatica describes symptoms that travel from the low back and produce leg pain.